Lahore (لاهور) is Pakistan’s second largest city, and the capital of the north-eastern Punjab province. It is the second largest metropolitan area in Pakistan and an important historical center in South Asia. With a rich history dating back over a millennium, Lahore is a main cultural center of Punjab region and Pakistan. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Lahore remains an economic, political, transportation, entertainment, and educational hub. It is referred to as the “Mughal City of Gardens” due to the historic presence of gardens in and around the city dating back to the Mughal period.
Lahore is widely considered the country’s cultural capital. The heart of Lahore is the Walled or Inner City, a very densely populated area of about one square kilometer. Founded in legendary times, and a cultural Centre for over a thousand years, Lahore has many attractions to keep the tourist busy. The Mughal and Sikh legacy survives in the Lahore Fort, Badshahi Mosque and Gurdwara, the Mall is lined with colonial-gothic buildings from the British Raj, and the suburbs of Gulberg and Defence feature palatial mansions and trendy shopping districts.
Lahore has a hot semi-arid steppe climate. The month of November is characterized by rapidly falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing from 29°C to 24°C over the course of the month, exceeding 32°C or dropping below 21°C only one day in ten. Daily low temperatures range from 9°C to 15°C, falling below 6°C or exceeding 19°C only one day in ten. The relative humidity typically ranges from 34% (comfortable) to 92% (very humid) over the course of a typical November, rarely dropping below 20% (dry) and reaching as high as 100% (very humid).
Passport and Visa
Passports, valid for at least six months from the entry into Pakistan, and entry visas are required to visit Pakistan. Participants are advised to consult the nearest diplomatic mission of Pakistan for details.
The Conference Secretariat will send a formal invitation letter with which the participants can apply for a visa at the diplomatic mission of Pakistan. In order to receive the Formal Invitation Letter, you need to fill out the registration form online and pay the registration fee at your earliest time.
Participants may also ask their local travel agents to arrange their travel to Pakistan and obtain a tourist visa. If participants have any difficulties in obtaining their visa, they should contact the Conference Secretariat.
Once in Pakistan, the participants should carry their passports on them at all times because the passports may be needed to check into hotels, book airline tickets, and change money.
Conference registration fee does not include any insurance for the participants regarding accidents, sickness or loss of personal property. Participants should make their own arrangements in respect of health and travel insurance before leaving their countries.
Emergency call numbers are 15 for police, 16 for fire brigade, 1122 for rescue and traffic accident.
In Pakistan, only PKR is used. However, exchange centers can be found at airports, banks and large shopping centers. The exchange rate is due to the official rate (State Bank of Pakistan). When exchanging money, please keep your receipt by which you can change any remaining PKR back to foreign currency when leaving Pakistan.
Master, Visa and American Express Cards are accepted in many department stores and hotels. Some ATMs may be able to allow you to withdraw PKR on your credit cards.
Alama Iqbal International Airport (IATA: LHE ICAO: OPLA), is the second largest international and domestic airport of Pakistan located about 15km from the center of the city. The Airport has connections to many other hubs such as Toronto, London, New York, Tokyo and Dubai. It is also the hub for Pakistan International Airlines, Pakistan’s national carrier, which flies to numerous destinations, including all the major cities in Pakistan, and international cities such as Beijing, Barcelona, London, New York, Toronto, Istanbul, Kabul, Colombo, Copenhagen, Paris, Frankfurt, Amsterdam, Milan, Kuala Lumpur, Oslo, Abu Dhabi, Chicago, Birmingham, Manchester, Glasgow, Hong Kong, Dhaka, Sharjah, Al-Ain, Kathmandu, Kuwait, Mumbai, Muscat, Riyadh, Jeddah, Amman, Bangkok and Tokyo. The Airport has three terminals out of which the Terminal 3 is in the commercial operations whereas Terminal 2 is now dedicated to Hajj operations and Terminal 1 is now the HQ of Pakistan’s Civil Aviation Authority.
Facilities in the airport include several restaurants including McDonald’s and Butlers Chocolate Cafe. There are also a number of Bank Kiosks, ATMs, Money Exchangers, Wi-Fi, Free Internet kiosk (in Departures) and several duty free shops selling Rugs, Carpets, Sports Goods, Medical Instruments, Onyx, Gems and many more at the most cheapest prices.
Daewoo Sammi offers some direct services to/from Karachi, Hyderabad, Multan, Faisalabad, Lahore and Islamabad, UAN +92 21 111 007-008.
Daewoo Bus Terminal 231-Ferozepur Road, Near Kalma Chowk, Lahore.
Minibuses are the cheapest way to get between the larger cities, and the only way to get to some more remote destinations. They can be uncomfortably crowded, so if possible opt for a more comfortable larger bus.
Skyways, Niazi Express and a couple others operate large, comfortable buses to Islamabad, Peshawar, Faisalabad and many other cities and towns from their own bus terminals near M2 Motorway Interchange. These services are rather affordable and convenient way of intercity travel.
First Class travel with Pakistan Railways is good, and Lahore has railway connections with various major cities in Pakistan including Karachi, Multan, Faisalabad, Gujranwala, Hyderabad, Rawalpindi, & Peshawar.
Local Stations of Lahore are Shahdara Bagh, Badami Bagh, Moghalpura, Baghbanpura, Harbanspura, Jallo, and Wagah. There is mostly peak hour services operate within these local stations for commuters to Lahore.
A modern motorway connects Lahore to Islamabad, Faisalabad and Peshawar. The motorway is considerably better than the GT road, even though it is longer.
While Pakistani traffic is generally chaotic and highly dangerous, the motorway is very comfortable and one of the few places traffic laws are enforced. Now a days, new Traffic Police has arrived and is enforcing traffic laws on Highways too.
Pick-up service to the congress venue from airport, daewoo bus terminal and railway station will be provided to all conference participants.